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Returning and Replacing Products: In-Store and Online (June 2023)


Mr. Fan Yang, Economics Ph.D. candidate

© International Foundation for World Freedom


As consumers, it's disappointing when a purchased product doesn't meet our expectations or fails to work correctly. In these situations, it's important to know what steps to take to return the product or request a replacement. This article serves as a guide to help consumers navigate the process of returning a product and exploring options for obtaining a new one.


In-Store Returns


Returning a product to a physical store can be a convenient option, as it allows you to interact directly with the retailer's staff. Here is a step-by-step process and some helpful tips for an in-store return:


Step 1: Gather the Required Information


1. Find your receipt: You will need your receipt/invoice to return the item. Some stores will refund without a receipt, but others may only give a replacement or store credit. If you can't find it, some stores may accept alternative proof of purchase, such as a bank statement or digital receipt. Go through your purse or wallet to find the receipt. You should also check your email account, since the receipt could have been sent to you electronically.


2. Bring all parts and accessories: Ensure that you have all the original packaging, accessories, and any other items that came with the product. This will help facilitate a smooth return process.


3. Identify the reason for return: Determine why you want to return the item before visiting the store. This will matter to the shop, so identify the reason before returning to the store. Common reasons for returns are:

  • It isn’t what you need. Sometimes, we buy the wrong item. For example, you might have bought an electric cord which doesn’t work with your TV. You’ll probably want to return the item and get something different.

  • You just want a refund. Maybe you regret the purchase or realize you don’t need the item. You’ll probably want a full refund.

  • It doesn’t work. If the item doesn’t work as expected or as promised, you can return for a refund or to replace it.


4. Research return policies online: Visit the store's website or contact their customer service to understand their specific return policy. This will provide you with important details such as the timeframe for returns, any documentation required, and whether refunds are issued as cash, store credit, or an exchange.


Below are some stores' return policies websites:






Step 2: Return the Item


1. Tell the clerk you want to return the item: Go to the returns department or a cashier in the store. Politely inform them that you would like to return an item and briefly explain the reason. Remember to maintain a friendly demeanor throughout the interaction.

  • Don’t delay returning the item. Some stores allow returns but only for a certain amount of time. For example, many stores only allow returns within 14 days of the purchase.


2. Explain what is wrong: If the item is not functioning properly, clearly describe the problem to the clerk. For instance, you can say, "The laptop doesn't turn on. When I press the power button, the screen remains blank."

  • Sometimes nothing is wrong with the item. Instead, you may be using it wrong. If so, the clerk can show you how to use it properly.

3. State your preferred resolution: Different stores have varying return policies and options. Some may provide a full refund, while others may offer a product exchange or store credit. Clearly communicate your preference to the clerk. For example, you can say, "I would like to exchange this item for a replacement if available. If not, I would prefer a cash refund."


Online Returns


Step 1: Gather the Required Information


1. Review the online retailer's return policy: As a rule, it’s best to know the return policy before you make an online purchase, just in case. Go to the online site where you purchased your merchandise. Find and read the return policy.

  • Pay attention to the return window: Make sure to initiate the return within the specified timeframe mentioned in the retailer's policy. Returning the item promptly will help avoid any complications.


2. Check the item and its packaging: Examine the item you wish to return and ensure it is in its original condition. Check that all tags, labels, and accessories are intact. If the item came with specific packaging, make sure it is included and undamaged.

  • Most online stores accept returns only for unused and unopened items. If it is clothing, keep the tags attached for the return.


Step 2: Request to return


1. Initiate the return request: Log in to your account on the retailer’s website and navigate to the “My Orders” or “Returns” section. Find the specific order containing the item you want to return and select the appropriate return option. Follow the website’s instructions, as most online stores provide step-by-step guidance for processing returns.


2. Choose the return method: Online retailers typically offer various return methods. You may have the option to print a return label and schedule a pickup with a designated shipping carrier, or you can drop off the package at a nearby post office or authorized return location. Select the return method that is most convenient for you.


3. Prepare the item for return: Securely package the item, preferably using the original packaging if available. Include any required return documentation, such as a return slip or packing slip. If the retailer provided a return label, affix it to the package.


Step 3: Return the item


1. Ship the return: If you are responsible for shipping the item back, take it to the designated shipping carrier or drop-off location. Obtain a receipt or tracking number as proof of shipment. If a prepaid return label was provided, follow the instructions to arrange for a pickup or drop-off.


2. Track the return: Keep an eye on the tracking information to ensure that the package is successfully delivered to the retailer. This will help you track the progress of the return and provide peace of mind.


3. Await confirmation and refund: Once the retailer receives the returned item, they will inspect it to ensure it meets their return requirements. Once approved, you will typically receive a confirmation email, and the refund will be issued according to the retailer's policy. The refund may be issued to your original form of payment or as store credit.


Here is a website that provides specific return instructions for Amazon, eBay, Target, and Walmart for online purchases: https://www.wikihow.com/Return-Products-Purchased-Online


Remember! Stay in contact with customer service

If you have any questions or concerns throughout the return process, reach out to the online retailer's customer service for assistance. They can provide guidance and address any issues that may arise.


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